Maximum Residue Levels in times of Antibiotic Resistance

Many food animals cope with overcrowding, transport, disease, lack of exercise, aka stress 1 2 , while farmers aim to maximize food production for an ever demanding market. To bring out the best of both worlds, the food animal industry’s medical cabinet contains a wide range of anti-infectious agents, antibiotics, anti-parasitics, tranquillizers, psychotic drugs, corticoides, and […]

Read more
Antibiotic of the week: Chloramphenicol

Antibiotic Pollution Index: 731 (19 November 2017) What is the Antibiotic Pollution Index? What it does Chloramphenicol blocks the production of proteins in bacteria. When protein production is delayed, the bacterial cell stops to grow. Who gets it Chloramphenicol is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that is used to treat a large number of infectious diseases. Given […]

Read more
Antibiotic of the week: Clarithromycin

Antibiotic Pollution Index: 203 (19 November 2017) What is the Antibiotic Pollution Index? What it does Clarithromycin inhibits the synthesis of proteins in many different types of bacterial pathogens. It does so in some parasites as well, such the one responsible for toxoplasmosis. Who gets it Clarithromycin is used to treat lung, stomach and throat […]

Read more
Antibiotic of the week: Nalidixic acid

Antibiotic Pollution Index: 129 (19 November 2017) What is the Antibiotic Pollution Index? What it does Nalidixic acid was discovered in 1962 and became the first antibiotic of the quinolone family. This family targets DNA synthesis in bacteria that leads to their death. Nalidixic acid mainly affects gram negative bacteria. Its successors, quinolones and fluoroquinolones […]

Read more
Antibiotic of the week: Cephalexin

Antibiotic Pollution Index: 230 (19 November 2017) What is the Antibiotic Pollution Index? What it does Cephalexin kills bacteria by disrupting molecules (peptidoglycan) in their outer layer. It is mainly effective against gram-positive bacteria, such as streptococci, staphylococci and bacilli. In these bacteria, this outer layer is unprotected, while in gram-negatives, this layer is thinner […]

Read more
Antibiotic of the week: Spiramycin

Antibiotic Pollution Index: 37 (12 October 2017) What is the Antibiotic Pollution Index? What it does Spiramycin belongs to a family that inhibits protein synthesis. Protein synthesis is an essential process. Proteins digest, transport, arrange and manipulate all sorts of cell components. In low dosages, spiramycin stops bacterial cell growth; in high dosages, it may […]

Read more
Antibiotic of the week: Amoxicillin

Antibiotic Pollution Index: 411 (12 October 2017) What is the Antibiotic Pollution Index? What it does Amoxicillin works against gram-positive bacteria (bacteria with only one cell membrane). Few gram-negatives (which have two membranes) are also sensitive to it. This drug blocks the formation of the cell wall and kills the bacterial cell. It is often […]

Read more
Antibiotic of the week: Trimethoprim

Antibiotic Pollution Index: 471 (12 October 2017) What is the Antibiotic Pollution Index? What it does This drug blocks the propagation of bacteria, by interfering with folic acid synthesis. Folic acid is important for a number of processes, one of which is building up DNA. With trimethoprim, the bacterial cell number cannot increase, because DNA […]

Read more